Sean Powers

Informative Speech

March 24, 2003

P.3

 

Specific Purpose Statement: At the end of my speech, my audience will have a better understanding of what a woman goes through, and must do to take care of her and her baby during the nine-month period of pregnancy.

Introduction:

I. Every living, breathing person on this planet originated in the womb.

A.     The womb is in the mother of that individual.

B.     A person is created in the womb after the mother has sexual intercourse, or artificial insemination.

C.     A person spends nine months, or three trimesters in the womb.

D.    During that time they develop their organs, limbs, and everything they need to function in life.

E.     The product that leaves the womb at the end of the nine months is a baby, that is fully functional, and ready to live its fullest in the world.

II. Through out my speech you will learn what a woman experiences, and must do during her pregnancy in the:

A.     First trimester.

B.     Second trimester.

C.     Third trimester.

III. By the end of my speech, you will have a more efficient understanding of the process of one of the greatest miracles, pregnancy.

 

Body:

I. The first trimester in a pregnancy is the first three months.

A.     Certain signs will be noticeable to the woman that might indicate a pregnancy. Some of these signs include

1.      Missed menstrual periods, but since most women do not have regular menstrual cycles it is important to watch for other signs like

2.      An increase in appetite,

3.      Nausea, vomiting, and heartburn from metabolic changes, but it can be helped if you eat something light in the morning in small quantities like crackers;

4.      Enlargement or soreness of the Breasts which would include darkening around the nipples;

5.      Increased urination due to the uterus pressing down on the bladder,

6.      Fatigue from the body doing so much work,

7.      Aggressive behavior due to an imbalance of hormone levels,

8.      Excess saliva, and

9.      Two to four pounds of extra body weight, but of this weight only 1.7 oz is the actual baby, and the rest is amniotic fluid and placenta.

 

B.It is vital to receive tests from a doctor so that treatment for the woman and the baby can be given as soon as possible.The tests given include:

10.  A pap smear, which is a test for cancer or disease in the cervix.

11.  A test for rubella, or the German measles is performed which could determine if the child will be blind or death.

12.  An R-Factor test is performed to see if a mother is Rh+, which could put her possible Rh- baby at risk of losing red blood cells.If found as a threat, it can be treated early on.

13.  A Doppler test can be performed to hear the babyís heartbeat by the 12th week.

C.During pregnancy, it is important to avoid certain things that a woman might do when she isnít pregnant.

1.      Having heavy amounts of caffeine (300 mg. per day or more) can reduce birth weight

2.      Some medicines that would be safe to take without a baby might be harmful during pregnant.Itís wise to ask a doctor about which drugs are safe, and which are not.

3.      During pregnancy, a woman should be more responsible about dental hygiene.At the dentist, routine dental X-rays, whitening of teeth and bonding, especially during the first trimester of your pregnancy are bad for the baby.If a pregnant woman does need to have dental work, it should be done immediately.

4.      A pregnant woman should not consume any alcohol because fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) can form which consists of mental retardation, facial abnormalities and heart defects.

5.      Drug use is also bad.Even though Marijuana and LSD have not been as clearly linked with birth defects, they should be avoided.

6.      Smoking is very bad during pregnancy. It can result in a miscarriage, placental abruption (separation of the placenta from the uterus), preterm labor and delivery, low birth weight (200grams), SIDS, and respiratory problems for the baby.

II. The second trimester of pregnancy is six months into the pregnancy.

A.     The mother will be experiencing new changes physically and emotionally that differ from the first trimester.

1.      She will gain approximately twelve more pounds of body weight, and of this, two pounds is the baby.

2.      Her outer appearance will look more like she is pregnant with the loss of a waistline.

3.      From all the extra weight, painful side affects can occur like backaches, cramps, varicose veins, itchy skin, and swelling

4.      Despite all the pain the woman will experience, her skin and hair will look and feel fresher than it did from the first trimester due to the balance in the hormone levels.

5.      Also, now the woman will feel more emotionally relaxed and humble from a balance in the hormone levels.

6.      Since the body is getting used to the idea of having a baby, there will be less signs of morning sickness, fatigue, and other troublesome side affects that were noticeable in the first trimester.

B.     During the second trimester, different tests will be performed that could not have been performed during the first trimester.

1.      An Amniocentesis or CVS are tests that checks for diseases that the baby might have such as Tay Sachs disease, sickle cell disease, cystic fibrosis, and spina bifida (a condition in which the brain or spine do not develop properly), etc.

2.      AFP is a test that checks the levels of a substance called alpha-fetoprotein in the mother's blood. Abnormal levels of this can indicate a brain or spinal cord defect, the presence of twins, a miscalculated due date, or an increased risk of Down syndrome.

III. The third trimester of pregnancy is the final three months of the pregnancy.

A.     The third trimester is the most difficult time for the mother.

1.      Sleep deprivation is a huge problem at night in the third trimester, but taking mid day naps and sleeping with a pillow between the knees and belly can help that.

2.      As the fetus grows, it will begin moving against the organs and create some discomfort for the mom.

3.      The mother gains about thirty pounds by the third trimester, and only about eight of those pounds are the actual baby.

4.      A pregnant mother will have to go to the bathroom more frequently due to a number of things.

5.      A mother will have a stronger appetite because her body will be using up more vitamins.

B.     During the third trimester, the mother needs to talk to her doctor about issues before and after the delivery of the child.

1.      A c-section might have to be performed which is inserting a surgical incision into the motherís belly in order to remove the baby.

2.      Some women want to have medication for the delivery to relieve pain, but having medication can actually affect the breast milk, which is not healthy for the baby if it is going to be breast-fed.

3.      Another important issue to talk about is breast-feeding.The doctor will let the mother know if breast-feeding is the best idea for the child, and usually it is.

 

Conclusion:

I. Throughout my speech, I have covered the trimesters during a pregnancy:

    1. The first trimester,
    2. The second trimester, and
    3. The third trimester.

II. So, if you ever get pregnant, or are close to someone who is pregnant, you wonít have to ask what is happening inside them.

III. Just for kicks, you might find it as interesting as I do.

IV. Thank you.

 

Work Cited:

 

http://www.4woman.gov/Pregnancy/

Healthy Pregnancy

 

http://mediacreature.homestead.com/teenagepregnancy.html

The Sean Powers Teenage Pregnancy Page

 

9 Month Miracle (1996) CD-Rom

 

http://pregnancy.about.com/

Pregnancy Week by Week

 

http://www.ivillage.com/topics/pregbaby/0,,166277,00.html

Information on things to avoid during pregnancy