There is a large amount of rottenness in the state of Denmark. Most of it takes place within Elsinore Castle. After the murder of King Hamlet, tons of lies and misconceptions are locked inside the kingdom. The murder of the King triggers a rippling effect of evil and corruption. Through out the play, Hamlet ponders whether to take action against Claudius for poisoning his father. One of the most famous soliloquies in Hamlet is the “to be or not to be” speech. During that speech, Hamlet is struggling with the difficulty of taking action against Claudius, and the fact that he has not been able to revenge his father's murder yet: “To be or not to be-that is the question:/Whether tis nobler in the mind to suffer/the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,/or to take arms against a see of troubles/And, by opposing, end them” (3.1.64-68) Most of the characters in Hamlet eventually die after King Hamlet’s death; hearts get crushed, and a families are torn up. Claudius’s envy over his brother only got him what he wanted for a short period of time. His bitter selfishness ruined the lives of an entire kingdom, and by the end of the play, the old kingdom is so rotten that it just withers away, and a new kingdom is reborn.
Aristotle once defined a hero in a tragedy as someone who experiences “a change from ignorance to knowledge.” In Hamlet, Prince Hamlet would fit under the category of a hero. In the beginning of the play, Hamlet learns the truth regarding the death of his father, King Hamlet from his father’s ghost: “The serpent that did sting thy father’s life/ now wears the crown.” (1.5.46-47) Hamlet learn of this news as a complete shock, and promises to seek vengeance on his uncle, but does not jump at the moment. Instead, he decides he needs to learn more, first and foremost, if the ghost was telling the truth. So, he creates a play that depicts the murder of his father as told by the ghost. He does this in order to read the reaction Claudius in response to the play, and identify if he is guilty.